By the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Kingdom of Tonga
Firstly, China is a country of action on climate change. In 2021, non-fossil fuel accounted for 16.6% of China’s energy consumption, making China the top non-fossil fuel consumer in the world. In 2021, the scale of application and the installed capacity of renewable energy in China both hit record highs. China generates and has installed more hydro, wind, solar and biomass power than any other country in the world. China has been leading the world on new energy vehicles sales for seven years running. In 2020, the share of coal-fired power in China’s installed power capacity dropped to a historic low of under 50%; total emissions of the coal-fired power industries reduced by nearly 90% over a decade; coal consumption by power generation units has been slashed, saving over 700 million tonnes of raw coal over the past decade.
Secondly, China has made important contributions to the sustainable development of energy worldwide. By 2021, in a period of nearly eight years, China had conducted more than 200 foreign assistance programs on climate response, provided energy-saving and new energy products and equipment to nearly 40 countries, and helped countries launch meteorological satellites, build hydro, solar and wind power stations. China has trained some 2,000 officials and professional personnel specializing in climate response from 120 developing countries. China has also helped to upgrade Tonga’s energy structure to achieve the goal of clean energy with technical and financial cooperation in solar power stations and grant aid of wind power projects
Thirdly, China hopes that all parties will actively join hands to tackle the serious challenges caused by climate change through global cooperation. Developed countries need to step up their historical responsibilities, follow the requirements of the Paris Agreement, and take the lead in making substantial reductions of emissions and strive to achieve carbon neutrality before 2050. In the meantime, they need to give developing countries due space for development and emission, and deliver on their commitments of providing developing countries with adequate finance, technology and capacity-building support.